Thursday, June 9, 2011

Soal-soal B. Inggris Kelas X, XI, XII SMA

 KELAS X SMA

Text 1

Sanitation at Home
A home is a place where people cook, eat sleep and look after their children. It protects people from harsh weather – cold, rain, wind, the burning rays of the sun-as well as from insects, animals and other dangers, so a home is a very important place for people to live.
Sanitation at home is important. People can do a lot about improving some of their living conditions in which they live. They should refrigerate food properly or store it carefully to keep it away from bacteria, and they should not leave food lying around because it may attract insects and rats. To Avoid these pests, proper care of garbage is also very important.

Careful housekeeping is extremely important to sanitation and food health. People should keep all parts of the house neat and clean by sweeping and mopping them, such as bedroom, bathroom and kitchen. They should tidy up the bedroom, scrub bathroom and kitchen often, and use disinfectants freely. Sanitary condition of a house protects people from germs but health problems not caused by germs are a growing challenge in the field of sanitation today.

1. The author is primarily concerned with describing …
a. the importance of having a good home
b. how people should keep their house tidy
c. the ways people should obey to have good sanitation
d. the danger of leaving their meal open
e. the diseases derive from garbage

2. According to the author …
a. house is the most important thing to have
b. people should store their meal in refrigerator
c. people should be aware of getting bad environment
d. flies, rats, ants and many other insects need our protection
e. keeping the environment healthy is the most important thing to do

3. Which one of the words below has similar meaning to sanitary ?
a. dirty d. soiled
b. waste e. health
c. clean

4. The word it paragraph 1, sentence 2 refers to …
a. a home d. weather
b. child e. wind
c. a place

Text 2
Healthy Water and Its Problem

Water is very precious to people. They use it in almost activities they do. Primarily, they use water for domestic purposes such as drinking, food preparation, bathing cleaning, and watering plants. Secondarily, water is used for industrial processes, commercial protect. Realizing how important water is for drinking and food preparation. Clean water which is free from disease-causing bacteria should always be available. Boiling water is the traditional way to get healthy drinking water. Clean and healthy water is also necessary for bathing and cleaning; fish and plants need water which is free from pollution.

As the population of the world increases, people are now facing a serious problem of water pollution, especially in big cities. The growth of population does not cope with the development of housing facility. Consequently, too many people live in one area, and environmental cleanliness cannot be controlled very well. People’s activities are chemical substances that affect the natural condition of water of its intended use. Organic wastes from homes and industries contaminate the water. As the result, waterways like rivers, lakes, and even oceans are subjected to pollution. This polluted water is harmful to living things that consume it. Plants cannot grow well and do not yield good quality fruit. Fish do not grow and breed properly. This in turn, will affect the health of people who consume them
Water pollution is really a problem for all people. They however cannot overcome this individually. They need to cooperate as responsible citizens. They should not throw away domestic wastes everywhere. They must not dump harmful substances into the rivers. Industries must realize the importance of recycling rubbish. And above all, they should not let the chemical waste get into the rivers or other public waterways.


5. The following are the primary uses of water except …
a. preparation of food
b. swimming –pools
c. cleaning
d. bathing
e. drinking

6. Water is very precious because …
a. it is not available everywhere
b. we cannot use it everyday
c. we use it in almost all activities
d. it is hard to get
e. we can use it to wash



7. We realize how important water is, so we have to …
a. find more water
b. boil the water
c. use as little water as possible
d. explore the earth for more water
e. keep water usable at all times

8. What do fish and plants need ? They need …
a. uncontaminated water
b. a large quantity of water
c. clean and healthy water
d. water from rivers
e. waste water

9. Why do big cities have serious water problems? Because …
a. water is difficult to find
b. they need too much water
c. water is needed there
d. too many people live in one area
e. of the development of housing facilities

10. We need … for bathing and cleaning.
a. a warm water
b. a lot of water
c. clean and healthy
d. water from natural sources
e. contaminated water

11. Plants cannot grow well and do not yield good quality fruit (par.2)
The word “yield” means …
a. grow
b. give
c. affect
d. consume
e. produce/harvest

12. The primary cause of water pollution is …
a. animal waste
b. people’s activities
c. harmful plants
d. contaminated waste
e. the natural condition of water




13. Polluted water is very dangerous to ….
a. animal
b. all living things
c. environment
d. the people
e. health

Text 3
It is important to know how people in Jakarta satisfy the need of clean water. They use ground water, the governmental water supply or PAM ( Perusahaan Air Minum ) and public hydrants. The number of the population in Jakarta is 8,5 million, but only 41% of them have accessed to clean water from PAM, while the rest still depend on ground water. The shallow ground water is used in hotels, offices, factories, and areas of residences. There won’t be any problem if they do not use the water more than the resource’s capacity.
Man is granted a large amount of colourless liquid called water. Life will not exist without water. There are a lot of domestic purposes as drinking, preparation of food and beverages, bathing, cleansing, and watering the lawns and gardens and secondarily in industrial processes, commercial products disposal of wastes in sewers, fire fighting, street sprinkling, swimming pools, and public fountains. For most of the purposes above the quality of water must be good.
There are a lot of sources of water supply such as underground and surface water. Ground water resources are near at hand and systems are cheap to install, i. e by setting a pump or digging a well. The surface water is obtained from large lake or river nearby, consequently it will be very expensive to get the water because the supply depends on the amount of water in large reservoirs, from which long pipes are needed to pump the water into the houses. Ground water is generally clear, cold, cold, colourless, and cleaner than surface water in some regions.






In order to have clean water supplies people should conserve the water. It can be conserved in many ways, including measurement and recording of all-purpose water consumption, holding flood water in o0versize reservoirs, desalting seawater and guard of ground water against the intrusion of seawater, and reducing evaporations in reservoirs using large ground water reservoir more extensively.

14. Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the text ? …
a. Deep ground water is used in houses.
b. Water is primarily used for fire fighting.
c. Ground water is generally smelly and gummy
d. The quality of water may be good for the most purposes.
e. People should conserve water to get enough clean water supply.

15. The main idea of paragraph 2 is …
a. We use water for domestic use
b. Life will not exist without water
c. The people in Jakarta use ground water.
d. There are a lot of sources of water supply
e. The surface water is obtained from large lake or river nearby.

16. The text tells us about …
a. clean water
b. ground water
c. the use of water
d. sources of water
e. the governmental water supply (PAM)

17. … people should conserve the water (par.3). The underlined word means …
a. harm
b. flow
c. manage
d. keep away
e. keep from lost or destruction

18. Which of the following statements is NOT TRUE according to the text?
a. The quality of water must be good
b. We use water for domestic purpose
c. The surface water is obtained from the lakes
d. Swimming-pool, public fountain belong to primarily use of water.
e. People in Jakarta use ground water, PAM, and public hydrant primarily.

Text. 4
A woman and her two children could not stop sneezing as heaps of kapok floated in the air around them. Even the afternoon downpour did not dampen their working spirit. With the silky fibers or kapok flying all around them and setting onto their bodies, they kept stuffing kapok into a large cloth bag to make mattress.
Rasni 40 is one of the woman working in a mattress-making centre in Wanakerta mattress in Bajanegara village of Purbalingga district. Almost all of the women in Wanakerta, which has population of some 350 families or about 1,200 people, works as mattress-makers.
Since 1978 Wanakerta residents have been making mattresses in a very traditional way. To make one mattress they need stuffing, mattress cloth and thread. There are two kinds of stuffing with which they are familiar : kapok and fibrous yarn called benglon which is made from textile factory waste. The products have a good market not only in Purbalingga but also in other urban centers like Surakarta, Tasikmalaya, and Jakarta.
The mattress-making business in Wanakerta was pioneered by Mahwari, 50, and the late Rasmadi. Before trying their hands at mattress-making, they sold agricultural products in a number of areas in Java. When they were in a textile mill in Bandung, West Java they saw heaps of textile waste, the kapoklike polyester benglon fibers.


The process of making a mattress in a traditional way is simple. “Before it is put into a cloth bag, the kapok or benglon must be first put in the sunlight so that it will expand, “said Rasni.
Then it is put into a cloth bag of mattress size. The bag is sewn up with mattress thread. “When the mattress is ready, it will be again put in the sunlight so that it will expand further, “she added.
To make a single mattress, nine metres of mattress cloth, 20 kg of kapok or 25 kg of benglon and two rolls of thread, are needed. One mattress is sold at an average price of Rp. 90,000,-
The mattress-makers handle heaps of kapok and benglon every do not wear protective masks, leaving them vulnerable to health problem. The biggest risk they is when unpack the stuffing, put it in the sunlight and fill the mattress bag.

19. what is the text about ?
a. The price of mattress
b. The process of making mattress
c. The Wanakerta residents
d. The mattress business in Wanakerta
e. The pioneer of making mattress in Wanakerta

20. The main idea of paragraph 2 is …
a. Making mattress has been started since 1978
b. It is simple to make a mattress in a traditional way
c. There are two kinds of stuffing in making mattress
d. Wanakerta hamlet is a mattress-making center
e. The products have a good market.



KELAS XI SMA


Read the following information carefully!

Every year thousands of people die, due to wheather related problems. This has been a particular problem in Europe over the last few years. It can happen in both winter and in summer. Let’s examine the causes for a moment.
The year 2003 was a time of extreme cold in the winter. Extreme, that is by European standards. In Britain alone, the number of people who died from cold-related illnesses was described as ‘shameful’. Nearly twenty-five thousand people died from illnesses such as strokes, heart attacks, bronchitis, flu and pneumonia. Each of these deaths were though to have been caused by the cold weather. A campaign called ‘The cold can kill’ was launched to give people advice on how to survive the effects of t he cold wheather and freezing temperatures.
In the summer of t he same year, around twenty-three thousand people died in Europe due to the sizzling temperatures. France was particulary badly hit, with nearly fifteen thousand death which were related to the sweltering heat. In Britain, the number of heat-related death was much lower than the number of winter deaths. Even so, with temperatures reaching 38oC, the government issued advice to people on how to protect their health. This advice warned that it only took two consecituve days of high temperatures to have significant effects on people’s health. It said that people who became overheated and dehydrated ran the risk of irreversible damage to the body or even death.
(Adapted from news@nature.com)

1.    What is the type of the text?
A.    Report
B.    Narration
C.    Exposition
D.    Description
E.    News item

2.    What is the organization of the text?
A.    Orientation-events-evaluation
B.    Orientation-complication-resolution
C.    Thesis-arguments-reiteration
D.    Thesis-events-complication- resolution
E.    Abstract- orientation-events- resolution

3.    What is the communicative purpose of the text?
A.    To persuade the readers to do something
B.    To tell the readers about certain events
C.    To inform the readers about the danger of cold
D.    To share an amusing incident with the readers
E.    To state a point of view or arguments about the problems caused by the weather

4.    The text mainly discussed about___ .
A.    the effects of cold weather
B.    cold weather causes many illnesses
C.    people died due to the cold  weather
D.    the problems arouse during cold weather time
E.    the Europeans against the cold weather

5.    From the text above we can infer that the number of people died due to the weather in Europe is___ than that of in the France.
A.    lower
B.    higher
C.    the same
D.    fewer
E.    less



6.    “Every year thousands of people die, due to wheather related problems”
From the sentence above we can conclude that___
A.    weather can spread illnesses
B.    it’s better to avoid the weather
C.    many people died because of the weather
D.    we have to be careful with the weather
E.    winter and summer are dangerous weather

Number 7 – 8

“If you’re finding it too hot , take my advice and have lots of cold showers. And remember, only mad dogs and Englishmen go out in the midday sun!” said  the British people.

7.    The statement above give us a/an ___ .
A.    greeting
B.    sympathy
C.    prohibition
D.    suggestion
E.    expectation

8.    From the statement above, we may conclude that to against the hot weather ___ .
A.    we may go out in the midday sun
B.    we should have lots of cold showers
C.    we shouldn’t go out with a crazy dog
D.    we should keep some advices
E.    we had better not take the shower

9.    Lita     :     What’s Hana’s husband like?
    Dewi     :     Well, he’s tall and still very young. He has a white skin.
    Lita     :     Is he handsome?
    Dewi    :     Yes, he is not only handsome but also a very good Balinese dancer.
From the dialogue above we may conclude that Hana’s husband is ___ .
A.    a tall young handsome man
B.    a handsome white tall dancer
C.    tall young handsome Balinese dancer
D.    a handsome young tall white man
E.    a handsome tall young Balinese dancer

10.    To face the rainy season, most of the victims of the earthquake in Jogjakarta and Central Java has built__ .
A.    a small simple Javanese bamboo house
B.    a simple Javanese bamboo house small
C.    a Javanese small simple bamboo house
D.    a small simple bamboo Javanese house
E.    a house of simple small Javanese bamboo

11.    X     :     Excuse me, sir!
___, the parking lot is over there.
    Y    :     Oh, I am sorry. I don’t know about it.
A.    you may park
B.    you ought to park
C.    you don’t have to park
D.    you are supposed to park
E.    you are not allowed to park



12.    Asih    :     I’d like to go on a sight seing this afternoon. What about you, Fina? Will you accompany me?
    Fina     :     ___, what time shall we start?

A.    Yes, sure
B.    Sorry I can’t
C.    See you later
D.    It doesn’t matter
E.    I’m sorry to hear that

13.    Sunu     :     Desi is let again.
    Subur    :     He is never on time.
___ she ought to wake earlier

A.    I hope
B.    I think
C.    I don’t care
D.    I dislike
E.    I disagree that

14.    Dewi    :     Do you know the man talking to Mr Dars?
    Supri    :     Yes, he is my employer ___ promote me to be a new branch manager.
A.    who
B.    whom
C.    whose
D.    which
E.    from which

15.    Sina     :     You look delighted with your new profession.
    Dars     :     You’re right. My family and I are more contented with this job as an academic coordinator, ___ I earn less than my previous occupation.
A.    when
B.    since
C.    because
D.    in spite of
E.    although

16.    Their houses were ruined by earthquake and so were all their possessions. They ___ in poverly ever since.
A.    are living
B.    were living
C.    lives
D.    have lived
E.    had been living


17.    Desi     :     Excuse me. Do you think the bus will leave on time?
    Lisa     :     Yes, I am sure it will.
The underlined utterance expresses ___ .
A.    plan
B.    pleasure
C.    certainty
D.    disappointed
E.    possibility



18.    Yoga     :     Hi, Ryan. I haven’t seen you a long time where have you been?
    Ryan    :     I’ve been to Jakarta. I’ve got a job. I’ve been working for a logging company.
    Yoga    :     Really? ___ .
A.    You are very good
B.    that’s all right
C.    I’m sorry to hear that
D.    I’m glad to hear that
E.    Oh my God

19.    John     :     Why do you look so sad?
    Nina    :     Didn’t you hear the news ___ that the volcanic eruption had killed more than  2 hundreds people in my village?
    John     :     Oh, I am sorry to hear that.
A.    to be informed
B.    informs
C.    informed
D.    informing
E.    to inform

20.    “She felt very exhausted and almost giving up.”
The underlined words have similar meaning to___ .
A.    difficult
B.    hungry
C.    thirsty
D.    tired
E.    wild



KELAS XII SMA


The Buyat Bay, issue has been a hot topic these past two weeks.
       However, no party has claimed responsibility for the pollution in the bay. This country is suffering from an old illness : it cannot see the culprits even though it could - if it wanted to.
       The issue started when a non-governmental organization discovered that a number of people living near the bay in South Minahasa district, North Sulawesi province, were suffering from skin diseases.
       Blood tests showed that some had high levels of mercury in their blood.
       Public opinion then turned against the subsidiary of U.S based Newmont Minahasa Corp. PT Newmont Minahasa Raya, accusing it of causing the pollution by dumping its tailings in the bay.

1.       This text mainly talks about ........
   
A.    the pollution in the bay
B.    the discovery of pollution by a non government organization
C.    the failure of the government to find the culprits
D.    the skin disease of the people living in Buyat Bay
E.    the Buyat Bay issue

2.       "Public opinion then turned ........ by dumping its tailings in the bay." (Paragraph 5)
The underlined word means ........ in a careless manner.
   
A.    unloading
B.    piling
C.    burying
D.    packing
E.    covering

          Each society has its own beliefs, attitudes, customs, behaviours, and social habits. These give people a sense of who they are, how they should behave, and what they should or should not do. These 'rules' reflect the 'culture' of a country.
          People become conscious of such rules when they meet people from different cultures. For example, in some. cultures, being on time can mean turning up several hours late for an appointment, even for a business meeting; in others, 3 p.m. means 3 p.m. Also, the rules about when to eat vary from culture to culture. Many North Americans and Europeans are used to having three mealtimes a day and organizing their timetable around them. In some countries, on the other hand, people often do not have strict rules like this - people eat when they want to and every family has its own time table.
          When people visit or live in a country for the first time, they are often surprised at the differences that exist between their own culture and that in the other country. The most common way of comparing two cultures is in terms of their differences - not their similarities.

3.       What does the writer want to tell you?
   
A.    Strict rules.
B.    Mealtimes day.
C.    Culture differences.
D.    Culture in a country.
E.    Culture similarities.

4.       Which statement is TRUE according to the text ?
   
A.    There are no people, becoming conscious of a new cuttura,
B.    There are no countries having strict rules of mealtimes.
C.    There are no strict rules of mealtimes in some countries.
D.    There are no problems for people who visit a coutry for the first time.
E.    There are no similarities between a culture is one country and that in another.

5.       "Being on time can mean turning up several hours late ..." (Paragraph 2).
The underlined words mean ........
   
A.    arriving
B.    emerging
C.    appearing
D.    exposing
E.    displaying

6.       James  : Why didn't you answer my call?
Peter   : Sorry ........
   
A.    I was feeding my cattle
B.    I have fed my cattle
C.    I fed my cattle
D.    I had fed all my cattle
E.    I'll feed my cattle

7.       Student  : ........ to carry these books to your room, sir?
Teapher : No, thanks, Ican do it myself
   
A.    Do you want
B.    Shall I do
C.    Can you help
D.    May I help you
E.    Do you mind

8.       Ridwan  :  Do you think our youth have the competence to keep up with
                the Americans in technology?
Ade       :  I don't think so because it needs a lot of money.
The underlined word means ........
   
A.    knowledge
B.    cleverness
C.    capability
D.    experiment
E.    profession

9.       Sherly  : Billows of smoke from the forest fires in Jambi, Riau and West Kalimantan
             are becoming thicker and thicker. They have harmful effects on our health
             and daily activities.
Raissa : That's right. I think the government ........ people to understand the value of
             forests and stop their bad habits.
   
A.    educated
B.    have educated
C.    are educating
D.    would educate
E.    should have educated

10.       Thailand, which has already won three gold medals at the Athens Olympics, will bid to host the games in 2016, media reports ........ on Sunday.
   
A.    said
B.    claimed
C.    purposed
D.    demanded
E.    justified


Hayati Hutabarat says that she has downright satisfaction in her position in the company. But what about some other thing in life. There are still important to many women like married and children. Does Hayati regret not having time for this thing?
 
11.       What is the text about ?
   
A.    Unmarried women
B.    Career women
C.    Married women
D.    Women's position in a company
E.    Women's lives

12.       What things are still important to many women?
   
A.    Position in the company
B.    Satisfaction in career
C.    Having time for children
D.    Career in the company
E.    Marriage and children

At present, aeroplanes are playing a very important role to .....(3)..... one place to another. People can go round the world just in a two day flight by the world's first supersonic airliner, Concorde, which .....(4)..... at a height of over 18.000 metres and .....(5)..... a speed of over 2.000 km per hour.

13.      
A.    disjoin
B.    part
C.    connect
D.    separate
E.    divide

14.      
A.    goes
B.    flies
C.    jumps
D.    drives
E.    comes

15.      
A.    cuts
B.    continues
C.    moves
D.    reaches
E.    limits

16.       X  : I have to go to school, but look at the sky. It is very cloudy.
      I think it is going to rain.
Y  : ........
   
A.    You don't take an umbrella
B.    I should take an umbrella
C.    You are going to take an umbrella
D.    I may, take an umbrella
E.    You should take an umbrella

17.       The manager always comes early to the office. I wonder where he lives. I often see him driving his car to jalan Pakubuwono Kebayoran Baru. So he leaves not far from the office then.
What is the dialogue about?
   
A.    The manager's car
B.    The manager's office
C.    The manager's house
D.    The manager's address
E.    The manager's driver

18.       1. The aim of a political party is to elect officials who will try to carry their interests.
2. A large political party usually has millions of members and supporters.
3. A political party is a group organized to support certain policies on questions of
    public interests.
4. When people in a democracy disagree about what the government should do,
    each voter expresses his opinion by voting for the candidate that supports his
    side of the argument.
5. The questions may range from issues of peace, war and taxes, to how people
    should earn a living.
The best order of the sentences above is ........
   
A.    3-2-1-4-5
B.    2-1-3-4-5
C.    2-1-4-3-5
D.    2-1-3-5-4
E.    3-2-4-5-1

19.       Some pollutants are always ..........., because they are dangerous.
   
A.    unavailable
B.    undesirable
C.    unchangeable
D.    unsuitable
E.    unavoidable
 
20.       To accelerate the economic growth, social progress and cultural development is one purpose of ASEAN.
"To accelerate" means ........
   
A.    hold up
B.    keep back
C.    speed up
D.    turn on
E.    slowdown

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